The Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection, or ICSI, is a procedure that may be used during in vitro fertilization treatment. The procedure involves injecting sperm into a freshly retrieved egg. This procedure increases the chances of egg fertilization. The Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection was developed in the early 1990s in Europe.
Ideal Candidate for Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection
The Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection is recommended if the quality of the sperm is questionable. Sperm with low motility should be injected in the egg during the IVF procedure, as otherwise the fertilization may not take place. The sperm is tested prior to the IVF procedure and if it has a low motility, the couple may opt for a sperm donor with quality semen or may choose Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection.
A man with sperm quality problems may also get Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection, as the sperm will be screened under the microscope. Some sperm cells may have a normal morphology, so they can be selected to be injected in the eggs of the partner.
The Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection may also be chosen by patients that have normal sperm motility, but would like to choose the sex of the baby. In this case, the sperm is carefully selected, so that it is more likely to produce a boy or a girl.
The Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection is also an option for patients that don’t have sperm motility problems, but would like to increase the chances of fertilization during IVF.