Tubal reversal surgery generally gets associated with women, though the surgical process works with men as well. In short, the procedure works by reversing the effects caused by the tying or cutting of fallopian tubes in women and reversing the effects of a vasectomy in male patients.
Tubal Reversal for Women
Nearly all information regarding the specific procedure known as tubal reversal involves women patients. This process helps women gain the chance to become pregnant after having the fallopian tubes tied or cut.
The surgical process works with patients under general and or local anesthesia in order to reduce pain and discomfort.
The Surgical Process
Surgeons will enter through the pubic region. A single incision will allow for easy access to the targeted region.
The fallopian tubes get gently reconnected. Surgeons must carefully work to cause the least bit of damage to the soft tissue surrounding the area in order to reduce the formation of scar tissue.
In some ligation surgeries--procedures that completely disable a woman's ability to become pregnant--patients will have multiple reproductive organs affected. For example, the uterine cavity sometimes gets closed off from the fallopian tubes.
In these cases, surgeons will take different measures to form a connection between the fallopian tubes and the uterine cavity. This allows for eggs to pass through the tubes and into the uterine cavity where an embryo will develop.
Tubal reversal surgery causes tubal pregnancies in some patients. If the embryo develops inside of the fallopian tubes rather than the uterine cavity, patients have the chances of internally bleeding to the point of death. This rarely occurs; statistics show that over 70% of patients have successful, non damaging surgeries.