In Vitro Fertilization is a procedure that can assist the conception of a baby in couples that have fertility problems. The procedure involves fertilizing an egg outside the woman’s womb. There are numerous In Vitro Fertilization procedures. The average pregnancy rates after an In Vitro Fertilization procedure are around 35%.
The success or failure rates of the In Vitro Fertilization procedures may depend on several factors, including:
The Method Used
The method used may be a factor in determining whether the fertilization will be successful. While all of the existent In Vitro Fertilization procedures have about the same success rates, it is crucial to choose a procedure that is suitable for each patient in part. The fertility doctor may decide if an embryo selection or other procedures are required to increase he chances of conceiving.
The skills of the doctor performing the procedure may also be important. Certain In Vitro Fertilization procedures require microsurgery, which requires a lot of training and experience.
The Age of Patient
The age of the patient may be a decisive factor determining the success or failure of the In Vitro Fertilization procedure. A woman under 35 has higher chances of conceiving after 1 or several In Vitro Fertilization procedures.
The chances of conceiving drop drastically after the age of 45, but pregnancy is still possible.
The Patient’s General Health
A patient that is in good health has higher chances of success after In Vitro Fertilization than a patient with a health problem. Most importantly, the health of the reproductive system is highly important.
Obesity may also influence the outcome of the In Vitro Fertilization procedure. Ideally, the patient should have a body mass index (BMI) of up to 27%. People with a BMI of over 30% have decreased chances of conceiving (lowered by at least 30%).
The Quality of Sperm
The quality of the sperm used can be a factor influencing the success rates. Typically, the sperm is collected and tested prior to planning the In Vitro Fertilization procedure, to ensure the sperm is viable. If the sperm is not viable, a donor must be considered. The sperm from a donor has a guaranteed quality, provided the sperm bank is a trustworthy one.
A woman patient that is under stress may not be a good candidate for an In Vitro Fertilization procedure, as stress may influence the outcome of the treatment negatively.
Smoking and Other Vices
Smoking can be detrimental, and patients that are trying to conceive through an In Vitro Fertilization procedure are advised to quit smoking at least 2 weeks prior to the implantation of the fertilized egg. Smoker patients have higher chances of miscarriage.
Patients are also advised to reduce alcohol and caffeine consumption at least 4 weeks prior to the In Vitro Fertilization treatment.