Europe Faces Declining Fertility Rates

An in-depth report published recently by the New York Times took a close look at the fact that fertility rates are declining in much of Europe. This isn't due to the fact that infertility rates are going up there but is instead due to cultural and social issues that aer causing people to opt to have fewer children. The reasons that Europeans are having less children than before varies depending on the specific location of the population being studied. Some of the reasons for declining fertility rates include:
- Increased cost of living which decreases ability to afford large families.
- Increased use of birth control to prevent unwanted pregnancies.
- Social problems that caused people to delay childbearing in some areas.
- Trends towards having children later in life which decreases the overall number of children a person will have.
- Changing role of women which allows for greater options for different roles and decreases interest by some women in having many children.
These reasons tend to be common reasons that we have seen in other parts of the world; women are delaying having children into later years which causes issues with fertility that decreases the number of children they can have. In countries where infertility medicine is advanced, this issue may be mitigated as women have more children later into life. Question of the Day: Will infertility advances decrease the low fertility rates in Europe? photo link
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