In Vitro Fertilization: What Contributes to Your Success

Many couples who find it difficult to conceive a child are resorting to fertility treatments, known as Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART). One of the most popular forms of ART is in vitro fertilization, or IVF. This method allows a couple to utilize the eggs of the woman and the sperm of the man, but carries out the fertilization process outside of the woman’s body – in vitro – in a glass laboratory dish. Once the woman’s egg has been fertilized with the man’s sperm via IVF, it is implanted in the woman's uterus.
While IVF is very popular, successful outcomes are not guaranteed. According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), which publishes an annual “ART Success Rate Report,” there are several factors that contribute to your success rate with in vitro fertilization. The general health of a woman and her partner will play major roles in their success with IVF, as will genetic factors. Additionally, a couple’s willingness to commit time, effort, money and emotional energy to ongoing or repeated treatment cycles will play a role. Here are some other factors that may contribute to your success with in vitro fertilization:

  • For the greatest in vitro success, age matters. Scientific data shows that women who undergo IVF treatments at a younger age have a greater chance of success. If you are aged 21-35 when you seek IVF treatment, you will have the greatest chance for getting pregnant and giving birth successfully.
  • Successful IVF relies on a woman’s response to fertility drugs. A woman’s body can be prepared for the IVF process with fertility drugs that help stimulate her ovaries. A woman must be monitored closely while she is taking the fertility drugs, and everyone responds to them differently.
  • The quality of your eggs and his sperm is paramount. For IVF to be successful, the woman has to produce several mature eggs, and the man’s sperm must have good motility and the ability to penetrate the egg.
  • The quality of your fertility clinic is important. According to the CDC, the experience and training of your fertility clinic staff and the services they provide can factor into your success. When choosing a clinic, find out which treatments they specialize in, and if they are experienced in helping patients who have your specific medical situation. You will also want to choose a clinic that has good rapport with patients and offers supportive counseling.
  • Your partner may need to consult with his doctor to rule out the possibility that he has male infertility stemming from other health issues. It is important to remember that the male partner’s health is not always fully examined when a couple is exploring the underlying causes of infertility. In fact, it is estimated that nearly thirty-five percent of all cases of infertility experienced by couples during their first attempt to get pregnant result from male infertility.

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