In order for you to get pregnant, an egg must be released from your ovary and unite with a sperm. This is called fertilization and usually takes place inside your fallopian tubes. However, if you have problems fertilizing an egg in this manner, it can be done outside your body in a laboratory and this is called in vitro fertilization.
Your fertility specialist will remove eggs from your body, your mate will donate sperm, and the two will be joined together in a Petri dish in the laboratory. Once they have united and become one the embryo (s) can be placed back inside your uterus so that they can continue to grow. In vitro fertilization can help you and mate achieve pregnancy if you are problems getting pregnant.
In vitro can resolve pregnancy issues like:
• If you don't have any fallopian tubes or if your fallopian tubes are blocked
• If you've had corrective surgery to assist with your infertility and it hasn't worked
• If your mate has a low sperm count or low motility
• If you experience endometriosis
• Any unexplained infertility issues
Whether or not in vitro will be successful depends on each individual couple. Success has many variables such as: age, cause of infertility, your response to fertility medications, the rate of the sperm's ability to fertilize the egg, you and your mate's willingness to undergo multiple embryo transfers, and the expertise of the chosen IVF program.
Risks of in vitro
• A potential risks to other organs when the eggs are retrieved
• Pelvic scarring
• Failure to recover an egg because ovulation has occurred before the time of retrieval
• The eggs that have been retrieved may not be normal
• The semen specimen produced may have a low count or poor motility and needs to be reproduced
• Fertilization of the eggs to form embryos may not occur
• Cell division or growth of the embryos may not occur