Tubal Ligation

If you are looking for a permanent solution to birth control, then a tubal ligation may be for you. Tubal ligation is known as getting your tubes tied or female sterilization. This is a surgical procedure where your fallopian tubes are cut, clamped, blocked or tied to prevent your eggs from traveling down to your uterus. It also blocks the sperm from making its way up the tube to meet the egg.

Tubal ligation is considered permanent birth control; however, tubal ligation reversal surgery is available. If your tubal ligation damages your fallopian tubes you may not be able to have it reversed. And only 70-80% of tubal ligation reversals are a success.

The Procedure

This procedure can now be done laparoscopically. A small incision is made just below your belly button, and then your surgeon inserts small, thin instruments through a tiny tube to perform the procedure. The operation can be done under general or local anesthesia and is normally done on an outpatient basis. In rare cases, you may need to spend one night in the hospital. You can return to all normal activity after a week.

Non-Surgical Procedure

There is a non-surgical procedure for blocking your fallopian tubes called Essure. This procedure is just as effective as the surgical sterilization procedure and can be done right in your doctor's office. A small coil is placed in your fallopian tubes and the coil creates the barrier between the sperm and the egg. It takes between 3-6 months before this type of procedure becomes effective. But if you want this procedure reversed it will take surgery.


• Infection

• Uterine perforation

As with any type of surgery, there are risks involved; if you have your tubes tied and become pregnant you are more than likely to have an ectopic pregnancy. You could have problems with your menstrual cycle. If you are sure that you don't want any more children or any children at all, having a tubal ligation can be the perfect birth control. Even though tubal ligation can be reversed, you should consider having a tubal ligation as a permanent solution.


This procedure can cost between $1,000 and $3,000. Some insurance may cover the cost so you should check with your insurance provider to see if you are covered.

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