When a couple decides to have a child, the only way to begin the process is to start having active unprotected sex. For many couples, this is enough, and they usually conceive within a couple of months of trying. However, for those couples who are unable to conceive naturally after a year of trying, they should start looking into various forms of medical technology.
One example of medical technology for conception that has become very common for infertile couples to try is the invitro fertilization process. In order to really understand how the invitro fertilization process can help couples who are having trouble conceiving, it is very important to not only have a thorough understanding of how conception takes place, but also of the underlying medical issues on the part of both the male and the female.
Conception takes place when the male's sperm fertilizes the female's egg. In order to do this, the sperm must swim up the fallopian tubes to join with the egg. Only one sperm will be able to fertilize the egg. The fertilized egg will then travel down the fallopian tubes and attach itself to the wall of the uterus, thus resulting in a pregnancy.
What kinds of medical problems on the part of the male could result in a couple electing to participate in the invitro fertilization process? One of the most prevalent problems involves the male having a low sperm count. This could be because of a myriad of different factors, the first of which being because of past drug and alcohol use. It could also have to do with genetic factors, or side effects of various kinds of medication. As for the medical problems a female might have, those could include endometriosis (which is a hardening of the uterus), stress, irregular periods, as well as the effects of medication or genetics.
Once any medical problems of the male and the female have been addressed, it is time to begin the invitro fertilization process. First, several eggs will need to be harvested from the female in a minor surgical procedure. In order to be sure that the optimal amount of eggs will be withdrawn, the female will first need to take some fertility drugs. When the eggs have been harvested, they will be stored in a specialized laboratory dish.
Next, the male will need to give his sperm, which is an easier process. The fertility specialists will then fertilize the female's eggs with the male's sperm in the laboratory setting. A predetermined number of fertilized eggs will then be surgically implanted into the female's uterus, in the hopes that one of them will attach itself to the uterine wall.
If the process is a success sooner rather than later, then the couple can have their fertilized eggs frozen and stored until they might want to have another child. It is important for the couple to also be prepared for multiples, as this process often results in couples having twins or triplets. Also, the couple should keep in mind that it might take several tries before they are able to conceive via this method, but with diligence, they will certainly be pleased with the results!