When couples are ready financially and emotionally, many couples decide that the time is right to have a child. It is actually surprising to find out that some couples really only have a very basic understanding of how a child is conceived. Yes, having active unprotected sex is a main part of it, but it is important for the couple to have an understanding of how their reproductive systems work as well.
After a year of actively trying to conceive without success or experiencing frequent miscarriages, then it is time to seek out the expertise of a fertility specialist. The goal of a fertility specialist is to first ascertain what is physically preventing successful conception from taking place. Their goal is also to help the couple find the medical procedures that will significantly increase the chances of them being able to conceive.
The first thing that a couple will need to do is find a reputable, fully certified clinic that will have just as reputable of a fertility specialist on their staff. Once this is done, the couple will need to schedule an initial consultation with the specialist to discuss their hopes for having children, as well as their respective medical histories.
At this point, the specialist will set up an appointment to run various tests on the couple, starting with the male. The reason for this is because the procedures that are done to test the reproductive system of the male are far less invasive that the tests for the female. As for the things that could cause conception problems with the female, these could include low egg production, a weak uterus, or other ovarian irregularities.
If the male is suffering from periodic erectile dysfunction and is still young, there are several things that could be causing this. High blood pressure, excessive drinking, or the side effects of various medications are all possible causes. If the male is older, then age might be the most significant factor. Regardless, erectile dysfunction is usually treated by medication. Other causes could include low sperm count, or malformed sperm.
The overall pregnancy process is actually far more involved than some people might think. It all starts when the male ejaculates into the female. The sperm then travels up the fallopian tubes, and only one sperm meets the egg, which it then fertilizes. The fertilized egg then begins its journey down the fallopian tubes and into the uterus, where it attaches itself to the uterine wall to begin the pregnancy.
When it has been discovered why the couple is not able to naturally conceive, then the fertility specialist will give them several different medical procedure options. One of these options will include artificial insemination if it has been discovered that the male has a low sperm count.
In this procedure, the sperm will be directly injected into the fallopian tubes of the female to increase chances of conception. Another option is in vitro fertilization, wherein the sperm and eggs are fertilized in a laboratory, and then the fertilized eggs are implanted back into the woman. Regardless, it is important for couples to remember that medical technology has provided many ways to successfully conceive.