What Does In Vitro Fertilization Require?

For a lot of couples in Nashville, Tennessee and around the country, infertility can be a very troubling condition. Infertility may be caused by a host of different conditions and people or couples may find they are infertile for a number of reasons. Some never actually discover why they were infertile and having difficulty becoming pregnant. Most seek consultation with a specialist in their area to discuss the condition and the options that may be available to them so they may determine the best course of action in finding relief and overcoming infertility.

In vitro fertilization, or IVF for short, is one of the most popular and common fertility treatments in the industry, and it is offered at most fertility clinics. Women who opt for this treatment may be encouraged to take fertility medication to boost egg production, so that when it comes time to extract eggs for use in the procedure, there are several mature eggs available. Other women choose not to take fertility medication, however, and it's an issue best discussed with a specialist in the Nashville area. Those who do take it should be aware of the possible side effects associated with the particular medication.

The procedure combines the mature eggs with sperm collected from the male partner. Donor sperm or donor eggs may be used in some cases depending on the specifics of the situation. This produces embryos, which are allowed a few days to incubate in the lab. Once ready, the embryos are transferred to the uterus where they may implant in the uterine lining and develop. A select number of embryos are usually used to help reduce the risk of multiple births, with some couples using only one embryo per IVF cycle. Of course, using only one embryo will reduce the chances of success.

Yet, despite its popularity and fame, IVF has a success rate that hovers around 40 to 50% depending on the cause of the infertility and other factors including age. Women who are under the age of 35 usually have the best chances, while women over 35, and especially over 45, see a decline in their chances of getting pregnant with IVF and other fertility procedures. Prior to treatment, it is important that individuals and/or couples speak with a fertility specialist in their area to discuss their chances of success. If the procedure is unsuccessful, some couples choose to try again.

Learn more about in vitro fertilization in Nashville, Tennessee.

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