For a lot of people and couples in Atlanta, Georgia or in other parts of the country, in vitro fertilization represents hope in overcoming infertility to get pregnant. But the procedure is not without its risks, and those who are interested are encouraged to speak with a specialist to discuss them to help determine whether the treatment is right for them. IVF is one of the most common and well-known fertility treatments available. It's helped patients throughout the world reach their goals, and it's trusted by fertility specialists to give patients a good chance at success.
In vitro fertilization involves the combination of sperm and eggs in a laboratory to create embryos. The embryos are transferred a few days later to the woman's uterus using a fine tube, where they may implant in the uterine lining and develop. The egg retrieval process and sperm collection requires the couple visit the clinic prior to embryo creation, and the woman must return to the clinic for the transfer of the embryos to the uterus. Some women take fertility medication to assist in egg production, while some couples use donor eggs and/or sperm depending on whether they are able to produce healthy samples on their own.
Side effects may be associated with fertility medications used to stimulate production of mature eggs. Nausea and other side effects are possible, and it is important that women take this into consideration when deciding whether to take medications or coordinate egg retrieval with their natural cycle.
Another risk of IVF is multiple births. To reduce this risk, most transfer a limited number of embryos. Some advocate transfer of only one embryo, although this is a conversation you should have with your Atlanta fertility specialist to determine if this is right for you. Most transfer two or three embryos per cycle, although this varies on a number of factors. Some choose to freeze unused embryos for use in a future IVF cycle.
Success rates of IVF and other assisted reproductive technologies hang around 40 to 50%, although this is largely determined by the cause of infertility, age of the couple (especially the female partner), and the number of embryos transferred. Women over the age of 35 experience a lower chance of success, and rates continue to decline with age. Still, the procedure has helped women of a variety of ages get pregnant, with some finding success into their 40s.
Learn more about in vitro fertilization in Atlanta, Georgia.