What is Involved with Surrogacy?

Surrogacy has helped couples and individuals in Cincinnati, Ohio as well as other parts of the state and country reach their goal of becoming parents. It is a process in which a third party carries a child for an otherwise infertile couple. The child may be conceived using donor eggs and sperm, eggs and sperm from the couple, the surrogate's eggs, or some combination of those options. Which method works best for you and your partner is something you will have to discuss with your partner and a fertility specialist familiar with surrogacy and the various assisted reproductive technologies and other fertility procedures.

Traditional surrogacy involves use of an embryo created with the surrogate's egg and sperm from the male partner or donor sperm. The sperm is introduced to the egg through intrauterine insemination, in which sperm is injected into the uterus, or in vitro fertilization, in which eggs and sperm are combined in a laboratory setting to produce embryos. In this case, the surrogate will be biologically linked to the child, but agrees to release the child to the legal parents at birth. 

Gestational surrogacy involves use of sperm and eggs from the couple, or from donors. The embryos are created by combining the sperm and eggs in a laboratory such as in IVF, and then transferring the embryo to the surrogate's uterus. In this case, the surrogate is not biologically linked to the child, but carries the child for the couple until birth. This is the most common type of surrogacy.

Candidates for surrogacy include those who struggle to conceive or carry a pregnancy to term, women with a uterine lining abnormality, women who have undergone hysterectomy, women with medical conditions that may lead to complications during pregnancy, as well as those who have unexplained causes of infertility. Gay couples who want a child that is genetically linked to one of the partners may turn to surrogacy to achieve their goals as well.

There are a number of financial and legal concerns that may be agreed upon before the process can begin. A specialist in Cincinnati may offer guidance and expertise on the matter, although legal consultation is encouraged for all of those involved, including the surrogate. This helps to ensure that all are comfortable with the process and their role, and documents must be signed to ensure all parties understand their rights and responsibilities throughout the treatment, pregnancy, and following delivery. Many surrogates are financially compensated, although some do not receive compensation, especially if they agree to carry a child for a family member or friend. The medical expenses, and perhaps other expenses, of the surrogate are paid for by the couple.

Learn more about surrogacy in Cincinnati, Ohio.

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