What is male infertility treatment?
Male infertility treatment is the application of one or more procedures designed to address mechanical or other problems with the male reproductive system which can impede or prevent conception.
Who is a candidate for male infertility treatment?
Generally, any male capable of producing sperm is a candidate for male infertility treatment.
What procedures are included in male infertility treatment?
Basically, male infertility treatment is divided into three broad categories, including assisted reproduction, drug therapy, and surgery. There are several methods of assisted reproduction, including methods to obtain sperm, achieve insemination, and treat or eliminate erectile dysfunction. Techniques are varied and include sperm retrieval and sperm washing, among others.
In sperm retrieval, your surgeon will insert a needle through the scrotum and into the epididymis, where sperm are manufactured and stored, and use the syringe to withdraw the sperm, which can be used in artificial insemination or in-vitro fertilization. Sperm washing is a male infertility treatment which involves combining sperm and a washing liquid to isolate healthy sperm from fatty acids and other material in semen which may be prohibiting sperm motility. This procedure also concentrates the sperm level, which can also increase the chance for conception. In drug therapy, medications are prescribed which may address sperm or hormone production or fight antibodies which may harm or destroy sperm. Surgical male infertility treatment is used when it becomes necessary to treat an obstruction in the reproductive tract, or to repair or remove enlarged veins in the scrotum, called varicocele.
What are the risks?
Risks of male infertility treatment are minimal, though some methods may involve discomfort and swelling of the testes or scrotum.
What are the results and benefits?
Male infertility treatment can improve sperm count and motility, as well as erection and ejaculation, all of which can increase overall sexual well-being. Techniques which are predominantly or solely related to the mechanics of erection or ejaculation can have live birth rates of any average male. However, patients with other conditions should understand that many of these techniques result in no more than a 30% chance of eventual live birth.
Is male infertility treatment covered by insurance companies?
Insurance coverage for male infertility treatment varies widely, and is usually based on the method required for your individual treatment.
What is the cost of male infertility treatment?
Because there are so many procedures in male infertility treatment, depending upon the underlying condition, costs vary widely, ranging from $600 to more than $30,000.
Disclaimer: This information is intended only as an introduction to this procedure. This information should not be used to determine whether you will have the procedure performed nor does it guarantee results of your elective surgery. Further details regarding surgical standards and procedures should be discussed with your physician.